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William Falconer's Dictionary of the MarineReference Works
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VAN to VEER away the cable



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VESSEL, (baliment, Fr.) a general name given to the different sorts of ships which are navigated on the ocean, or in canals and rivers. It is, however, more particularly applied to those of the smaller kind, furnished with one or two masts.

It has already been remarked in the article SHIP, that the views of utility, which ought always to be considered in a work of this kind, seemed to limit our general account of shipping to those which are most frequently employed in European navigation. We have therefore collected into one point of view the principal of these in plate XII. so that the reader, who is unacquainted with marine affairs, may the more easily perceive their distinguished characters, which are also more particularly described under the respective articles.

Plate 12

Plate XII

Thus fig. 4. plate XII. exhibits a snow under sail ; fig. 5. represents a ketch at anchor; fig. 6. a brig or brigantine; fig. 7. a bilander; fig 8. a xebec; fig. 9. a schooner; fig. io. a galliot; fig. 1 i. a dogger; all of which are under sail; fig. 12. & 13. two gallies, one of which is under sail, and the other rowing; and fig. 14. a sloop.

The ketch, whose sails are furled, is furnished with a try-sail, like the snow; and it has a fore-sail, fore-stay-sail, and jib, nearly similar to those of a sloop; but the sails on the main-mast and mizen-mast are like those of a ship. The main-sail and main-top-sail of the brig are like those of the schooner; and the fore-mast is rigged and equipped with sails in the same manner as the ship and fnow. The sails, mats, and yards of the xebec, being extremely different from these, are described at large under the article. In the schooner both the mainsail and foresail are extended by a boom and gaff, as likewise is the sloop's mainsail; the sails of the dogger and galilot aresufficiently expresthd in the plate; and', finally, the gallies are navigated with lareen-sails, which are extremely diflerent from those of the vessels above described.

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© Derived from Thomas Cadell's new corrected edition, London: 1780, page 308, 2004
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