||William Falconer's Dictionary of the Marine
Table of Contents
HAGS TEETH or HAKES TRETH to HANKS
HARBOUR to HAWSE
HATCH or HATCHWAY
To HAUL the wind
HAWSE-HOLES to HEAD-ROPE
HEAD-SAILS to HEAVING-out
HEAVING-short to HIGH AND DRY
HIGH WATER to Fore-HOLD
HOLD to HORSE
HOUNDS to HURRICANE
HAWSEHAWSE, is generally understood to imply the situation of the cables before the ship's stem, when she is moored with two anchors out from forward, viz. one on the starboard, and the other on the larboard bow. Hence it is usual to say, she has a clear hawse, or a foul hawse. It also denotes any small distance a-head of a ship, or between her head and the anchors employed to ride her; as, "He has anchored in our hawse; the brig fell athwart our hawse," &c.
A ship is said to ride with a clear hawse, when the cables are directed to their anchors, without lying athwart the stem; or crossing, or being twisted round each other, by the ship's winding about, according to the change of the wind, tide, or current.
The hawse accordingly is foul, by having either a cross, an elbow, or a round turn. If the larboard cable, lying across the stem, points out on the starboard side, while the starboard cable at the same time grows out on the larboard side, there is a cross in the hawse. If, after this, the ship, without returning to her former position, continues to wind about the same way, so as to perform an entire revolution, each of the cables will be twisted round the other, and then directed out from the opposite bow, forming what is called a round turn. An elbow is produced when the ship stops in the middle of that revolution, after having had a cross: or, in other words, if the rides with her head northward with a clear hawse, and afterwards turns quite round so as to direct her head northward again, the will have an elbow. See the articles ELBOW and RIDING.
© Derived from Thomas Cadell's new corrected edition, London: 1780, page 145, 2004
Published by South Seas, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher
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