||William Falconer's Dictionary of the Marine
Table of Contents
CABIN to To CALK, or CAULK
CALL to CANNON
CANNON to CANOE
CANOE to To rig the CAPSTERN
Surge the CAPSTERN to CARPENTER of a ship
CARTEL to CATS-PAW
CAULKING to CHANNEL
CHANNELS to CHEARLY
CHEEKS of the mast to CLINCH
CLINCHER-WORK to COASTING-PILOT
COAT to COLLIERS
COLOURS to COMPASS
COMPASSING to COVE
COUNTER to CRAWL
CREEPER to CROW-FOOT
CROWNING to CUT-WATER
CANNON (continued)Explanation of the iron-work, and different parts of a sea-carriage, as exhibited in the plan and elevation of a thirty-two-pounder, plate VII. fig. 16. and 17.
The breadth of the wheels is always equal to that of the cheeks; but the heighth of the cheeks and diameter of the trucks must conform to the heighth of the gun-ports above the deck. The carriages of the lower tiers should therefore be so formed, that when the breech of the cannon lies upon the hind axle-tree, the muzzle of the piece should touch above the port, as expressed in fig. 19. which represents a cannon secured by it's tackles and breechings, to prevent it from straining the ship as she rolls in a stormy sea.
Cannon are charged by putting down into the bottom first a quantity of powder, one-third or one-half the weight of the ball. This is done with an instrument, fig. 7. termed a ladle, which is a kind of cylindrical spoon, generally made of copper, and fixed to the end of a staff, called it's handle. Upon the powder is put in a wad of rope-yarn, formed like a ball, which is pressed down upon the powder with the instrument expressed by fig. 10. called a rammer. Upon this wad is put the ball or shot; and to secure it in it's place another wad is firmly pressed down upon it, which operation is called ramming-home the wad and shot. The touch-hole of the piece is then filled with powder, from the upper-part of which a little train is laid that communicates with it. The use of this train is to prevent the explosion of the powder from operating directly upon the instrument employed to fire the piece, which in that case might be forced out of the hand of the gunner.
© Derived from Thomas Cadell's new corrected edition, London: 1780, page 63, 2004
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