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William Falconer's Dictionary of the MarineReference Works
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B

BACK of the post to BALANCE of the mizen

BALANCE of the boom sail to BARK

BARNACLE to BEAMS

BEAMS to BED of a river
BEAMS
BEAN-COD
BEAR-A-HAND!
BEARING
BEARING-UP or BEARING-away
BEATING
BECALM
BECKETS
BED
BED of a river

BED of a cannon to BIGHT

BILANDER to BLACK-STRAKES

BLADE to Trim the BOAT!

To bale the BOAT to BOLT-ROPE

BOMB to BOTTOM

BOTTOM to BOX-HAULING

BOXING to To BREAK-UP

BREAK-WATER to BRIDLES of the bowline

BRIG, or BRIGANTINE to Ship-BUILDING

Ship-BUILDING to BUNTINE

BUNTLINES to BUTTONS


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BEARING

BEARING, in navigation, (gisement, Fr.) an arch of the horizon intercepted between the nearest meridian and any distinct object, either discovered by the eye, or resulting from the sinical proportion; as in the first case, at 4 P. M. Cape Spado, in the isle of Candia, bore S by W. by the compass.

In the second, the longitudes and latitudes of any two places being given, and consequently the difference of latitude and longitude between them, the bearing from one to the other is discovered by the following analogy:

As the meridianal difference of latitude

Is to the difference of longitude:

So is radius

To the tangent bearing.

BEARING is also the situation of any distant object, estimated from some part of the ship according to her position. In this sense an object, so discovered, must be either ahead, astern, abreast, on the bow, or on the quarter.

These BEARINGS, therefore, which may be called mechanical, are on the beam, before the beam, abaft the beam, on the bow, on the quarter, ahead, or astern. If the ship sails with a side-wind, it alters the names of such bearings in some measure, since a distant object on the beam is then laid to be to leeward, or to windward; on the lee quarter, or bow; and on the weather quarter or bow.


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© Derived from Thomas Cadell's new corrected edition, London: 1780, page 32, 2004
Published by South Seas, using the Web Academic Resource Publisher
To cite this page use: http://nla.gov.au/nla.cs-ss-refs-falc-0127