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Voyages in the Southern Hemisphere, Vols. II - IIIVoyaging Accounts
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On this day ...
23 August 1770

Endeavour Voyage Maps
James Cook
Joseph Banks

Description of New South Wales


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Description of New South Wales (continued)

A view of the chart will at once illustrate this position. To the northward of Whitsunday’s Passage there is no large inlet, consequently the flood sets to the northward, or north westward, according to the direction of the coast, and the ebb to the south, or south eastward, at least such is their course at a little distance from the land, for very near it they will be influenced by small inlets. I also observed, that we had only one high tide in twenty-four hours, which happened in the night. The difference between the perpendicular rise of the water in the day and the night, when there is a spring-tide, is no less than three feet, which, where the tides are so inconsiderable as they are here, is a great proportion of the whole difference between high and low water. This irregularity of the tides, which is worthy of notice, we did not discover till we were run ashore, and perhaps farther to the northward it is still greater: after we got within the reef the second time, we found the tides more considerable than we had ever done before, except in the Bay of Inlets, and possibly this may be owing to the water being more confined between the shoals; here also the flood sets to the north west, and continues in the same direction to the extremity of New Wales, from whence its direction is west and south west into the Indian sea.

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© Derived from Vols. II-III of the London 1773 edition: National Library of Australia call no. FERG 7243, page 648, 2004
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