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Voyages in the Southern Hemisphere, Vols. II - IIIVoyaging Accounts
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On this day ...
22 - 26 January 1769

Endeavour Voyage Maps
James Cook
Joseph Banks

South East Terra del Fuego and the Streight of Le Maire


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South East Terra del Fuego and the Streight of Le Maire (continued)

The variation of the compass on this coast I found to be from 23° to 25° E. except near Barnevelt’s islands and Cape Horn, where we found it less, and unsettled; probably it is disturbed here by the land, as Hermit’s squadron, in this very place found all their compasses differ from each other. The declination of the dipping-needle, when set up on shore in Success Bay, was 68° 15’ below the horizon.

Between Streight Le Maire and Cape Horn, we found a current setting, generally very strong, to the N.E. when we were in with the shore; but lost it when we were at the distance of fifteen or twenty leagues.

On the 26th of January, we took our departure from Cape Horn, which lies in latitude 55° 53’ S. longitude 68° 13’ W. The farthest southern latitude that we made was 60° 10’, our longitude was then 74° 30’ W.; and we found the variation of the compass, by the mean of eighteen azimuths, to be 27° 9’ E. As the weather was frequently calm, Mr. Banks went out in a small boat to shoot birds, among which were some albatrosses and sheerwaters. The albatrosses were observed to be larger than those which had been taken northward of the Streight; one of them measured ten feet two inches from the tip of one wing to that of the other, when they were extended: the sheerwater, on the contrary, is less, and darker coloured on the back. The albatrosses we skinned, and having soaked them in salt water till the morning, we parboiled them, then throwing away the liquor, stewed them in a very little fresh water till they were tender, and had them served up with savoury sauce; thus dressed, the dish was universally commended, and we eat of it very heartily even when there was fresh pork upon the table.

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© Derived from Vols. II-III of the London 1773 edition: National Library of Australia call no. FERG 7243, pages 66 - 67, 2004
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