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Voyages in the Southern Hemisphere, Vol. IVoyaging Accounts
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Port Famine to Falkland's Islands


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Port Famine to Falkland's Islands (continued)

The next morning, about eight o’clock, we weighed, with little wind at W.S.W. and steered about half a mile S.E. by E. when, having deepened our water to thirteen fathom, we steered between the E. and E.N.E. along the south side of the shoal, at the distance of about seven miles from the south shore, keeping two boats at some distance, one on each bow, to sound. The depth of water was very irregular, varying continually between nine and fifteen fathom; and upon hauling nearer to the shoal, we had very soon no more than seven fathom: the boats went over a bank, upon which they had six fathom and an half; it being then low water, but within the bank they had thirteen fathom. At noon, we were to the eastward of the shoal, and as we hauled over to the north shore, we soon deepened our water to twenty fathom. Point Possession at this time bore N.N.W. distant between four and five leagues, the Asses Ears W.N.W. distant six leagues, and Cape Virgin Mary N.E. ½ E. distant about seven leagues. From this situation we steered N.E. by E. for the south end of the spit which runs to the southward of the Cape, and had no soundings with five and twenty fathom. At four in the afternoon, Cape Virgin Mary bore N.E. and the south end of the spit N.E. by E. distant three leagues. At eight the next morning, the Cape bore N. by W. distant two leagues. Our latitude was 51° 50’, and our soundings were eleven and twelve fathom. We now brought to for the Tamar, who had come through the north channel, and was some leagues astern of us, and while we were waiting for her coming up, the officer of the watch informed me that the head of the main-mast was sprung: I immediately went up to look at it myself, and found it split almost in a strait line perpendicularly for a considerable length, but I could not discover exactly how far the fissure went, for the cheeks that were upon the mast. We imagined this to have happened in the very hard gale that had overtaken us some time before, but as it was of more importance to contrive how to repair the damage, than discover how it happened, we immediately put on a strong fish, and woolded it so well, that we had reason to hope the mast would be as serviceable as ever. Cape Virgin Mary now bore S. 62 W. distant twenty-one leagues, and our latitude was 51° 50’S., longitude 69° 56’W.; the variation 20° E.

On the 9th, having sailed S. 67° E. our latitude was 52° 8’S. our longitude 68° 31’W. and Cape Virgin Mary bore S. 83 W. distant thirty-three leagues.

On the 10th, there having been little wind for the last twenty-four hours, between the north and east, with thick foggy weather, our course was N. 18 W. for thirty-nine miles. Our latitude was 51° 31’S. longitude 68° 44’W.; variation 20° E. and Cape Virgin Mary bore S. 60 W. distant thirty-three leagues.

On the 11th, we had strong gales at S.W. with a great sea; our course was N. 87 E. for ninety-nine miles. Our latitude was 51° 24’S. longitude 66° 10’W. Cape Virgin Mary bore S. 73° 8’W. distant sixty-five leagues, and Cape Fairweather

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© Derived from Volume I of the London 1773 Edition: National Library of Australia call no. FERG 7243, pages 43 - 44, 2004
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