||Voyages in the Southern Hemisphere, Vol. I
Table of Contents
An Explanation of the Nautical Terms not generally understood which occur in this Work.
ABACK, the situation of the sails when their surfaces are flatted against the masts by the force of the wind. The sails are said to be taken aback, when they are brought into this situation, either by a sudden change of the wind, or by an alteration in the ship’s course. They are laid aback, to effect an immediate retreat, without turning to the right or left; in order to avoid some danger.
ANCHOR, the principal are the sheet anchor, the best bower and the small bower, so called from their situation in the ship’s bows. The smaller anchors, are the stream anchor, the kedge anchor, and the grappling.
AZIMUTH-COMPASS, an instrument employed to discover the magnetical azimuth or amplitude of any heavenly object. This operation is performed at sea, to find the exact variation of the magnetical needle.
BEAMS, strong thick pieces of timber, stretching across the ship from side to side, to support the decks, and retain the sides at their proper distance. On the weather beam, is on the weather side of the ship.
© Derived from Volume I of the London 1773 Edition: National Library of Australia call no. FERG 7243, page xxiii, 2004
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