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8 June 1770
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8 June 1770

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8 June 1770

Friday 8th Winds at SSE and South first part light airs the remainder a gentle breeze     In the PM we saw several large smooks upon the main, some people Canoes, and as we thought Cocoa-nutt Trees upon one of the Islands, and as ^a few of these nutts would have been very acceptable to us at this Time I sent Lieutt Hicks a Shore with whome went Mr Banks and Dr Solander to see what was to be got, in the mean time we kep standing in for the Island with the Ship - At 7 oClock they returnd on board having met with nothing worth observing  the trees we saw were a small kind of Cabbage Palms, they heard some of the Natives as they were puting off from the shore but saw none.  After the boats were hoisted in we made sail stood away ^NBW for the northermost land we had in sight which we were abreast off at 3 oClock in the Morning having passed all the Islands 3 or 4 hours before; this point I have named Point Hillick on accout of its Figure —

The Land of this Point is tolerable high and may be known
by a round hillick or rock that appears to be detatched
from the Point but I beleive it joins to it. Between
this Cape and Cape Iron Head the Shore forms a large
Bay which I named Rockingham Bay    before it lay
the group of Islands before mentioned and some
others nearer the shore. These Islands cover shelter the bay in
a manner from all winds, in which is good anchorage
the land near the shore in the bottom of this bay is
very low and woody, but a little way in land back in the Country is a continued
ridge of high land which appear'd to be barren and
rocky. Having passed Point Hillick we continued
standing to the NNW as the land trended having the
advantage of a light moon - At 6 oClock in the AM we
were a breast of a point of Land which lies NBW1/2W
11 Miles from Point Hillick   the Land between them is
very high and of a craggy barren surface   this point
I named Cape Sandwich ^Honour ye Earl of that name It it may not only be known
by the high craggy land over it but by a small Island
which lies East one mile from it and some others about
two leagues to the northward ^of it - From Cape Sandwich
the land trends west and afterwards north and forms
a fine large Bay which ^I call'd Halifax Bay it is well shelterd and affords
good anchorage, at least so it appeard to me, for having
hitherto met with so little incouragement by goin a Shore
that I would not wait to land or examine it faurther

but continued rainging along shore to the northward for a parcel of small Islands laying off the northern point of the Bay and finding a channel ^of a Mile broad between the three outermost and those nearer the shore we pushed through - while we did this we saw on one of the nearest Islands a number of the natives collicted together who seem'd to look very attentively upon the ship. they were quite naked and of a very dark Colour with short curled or frizled hair — At noon we were by observation in the Latde of 17°..59' and a breast of the north point of point of Halifax Bay which bore from us west 2 Miles,  this boundry of the bay is form'd by a tolerable high Island known ^in the Chart by the name of Dunk Isle    it lays so near the shore as not to be distinguished from it unless you are well in with the land - at this time we were in the Longitude of 213°..57' Wt Cape Sandwich bore SBE1/2E distant 19 Miles and the northermost land in sight N 1/2W — our depth of water in the Course of this days sail was not more then 16 nor less then 7 fathom


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