3 June 1770
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3 June 1770

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Joseph Banks



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in Falconer's Dictionary of the Marine
3 June 1770

Sunday 3rd Winds between the SBE and SE A gentle breeze and clear weather - In the PM we steer'd along shore NW1/2W at the distance of two Leagues from the Main having 9 and 10 fathom water regular soundings - At sun set the farthest point of the Main land that we could distinguish as such bore N 48° West, to the northward of this lay some ^high land which I took to be an Island the NW point of which bore N 41° West, but as I was not sure that there was a passage this way we at 8 oClock came too an Anchor in 10 fathom a muddy bottom - Two hours after this we had a tide seting to the nortward and at 2 oClock it had fell fall^en 7 9 feet and a half sence the time we anchor'd     After this the tide begun to rise and the flood came from the northward which was from the Islands out at Sea and planly indicated that there was no passage to the NW. But as this did not appear at day light when we got under sail we stood away to the NW untill 8 oClock, at this time we discoverd low land quite aCross what we took for an opening upon which we hauld to the Eastward between the Main and the Islands which proved to be a Bay about 5 or 6 Leagues deep - upon this we hauld our wind to the Eastward round the north point of the Bay which bore from us at this time NEBN distant 4 Leagues - From this point we found the Main land trend away NBW1/2W and a strait or passage between it and a large Island or Islands laying in a parrallel direction without; which passage we stood into having the tide of Ebb in our favour - At Noon we were just within the entrance and by observation in the Latde of 20°..26' So Cape Hillsborough — bore SBE distant 10 Leagues and the North point of the bay before mentiond bore So 19° West distant 4 Miles. This point I have named Cape Conway / Latde 20°..30' ^Longde 211°..28'/ and the Bay Repulse Bay which it is form'd by these ^Two Capes on the north and ————————— on the South the greatest and least depth of water we found in it was 13 and 8 fathom every where safe anchorage and I believe that was it properly examined there would be found some good harbours in it especialy on the north side within Cape Conway, for just within this Cape lay two or three small Islands which alone would shelter that side of the Bay from the SE and Southerly winds which seem to be the prevailing or trade winds. Among the many Islands that lay upon this coast there is one more remarkable than the rest being of a small very high and peaked and lies EBS. 10 Miles from Cape Conway at the South end of the Passage above mentioned —

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© Transcription of National Library of Australia, Manuscript 1 page 249, 2004
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