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31 October 1769
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31 October 1769

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in Falconer's Dictionary of the Marine
31 October 1769

Tuesday, 31st At half past one PM ha^uled round the Island above mentioned which lies East one mile from the NE Point of the land, the land from hence trends NWBW and WNW as far as we could see. This point of land I have called Cape East East Cape because I have great reason to think that it is the Eastermost land on this whole coast, and for the same reason I have called the Island which lays of[f] it East Island, it is but of a small circuit high and round and appears white and barren. The Cape is of a moderate height with white Clifts, and lies in the Latitude of 37°..42'..30" South and Longitude 181° 00' West from the Meridion of Greenwich —

After we had rounded the East Cape we saw as we run along shore a great number of Villages and a great deal of Cultivated land and in general the Country appeard with more fertility that than what we had seen before, it was low near the sea but hilly inland. At 8 being 8 Leagues to the Westward of Cape East and 3 or 4 Miles from the shore shortend sail and brought too for the night having at this time ^a fresh gale ^at SSE and squally weather; but it soon fell Moderate and At 2 A.M. made sail again to the SW as the land now trended - At 8 saw land which made like an Island bearing west   at the same time the SWestermost part of the Main land bore SW. —

At 9 Five Canoes came off to us, in one of which was were upwards of 40 Men all Arm'd with Pikes &Ca - from this and other circumstances it fully appear'd that they came with no friendly intention, and I at this Time being very busey and had no inclination to stay upon deck to watch their motions, I order'd a grape shot to be fired a little wide of them. This made them pull off a little and then they got together either to consu^lt what to do or to look about them    upon this I order'd a fire round shot to be fired over their heads which frightend them to that degree that I believe they did not think them selves safe untill they got a shore,   this occasion'd our calling the point of land off which this Happen'd Cape Runaway / Latde 37°..32' Longde 181°..50 / and 17 or 18 Leagues to the westward of East Cape —

Four Leagues to the westward of the East Cape is a Bay which I have named Hicks's Bay because Lieutenant Hicks was the first who discover'd it —


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© Transcription of National Library of Australia, Manuscript 1 page 133, 2004
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