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14 January 1769
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14 January 1769

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in Falconer's Dictionary of the Marine
14 January 1769

Week Days Month Days Winds Courses Distce Saild in Miles Latd in South Longd in West from
Greenwich
Bearings At Noon
Saturday 14 SSW & SWBS          

  Time by the Watch Appart time computed from observations Observed distce &nearest limbs Observed Altd s Lower Limb Observed Altd s uper Limb -   Correct Altd s Center   Correct Altd Center The Longd resulting from each set of Obsern
  H.          '   "   ° ' "   ° ' "   ° ' "   ° ' "   ° ' "  
  8 27' 15 71 26 0   15 36 0   24 13 0                
    30 30 71 28 0   15 11 0   24 8 -                
    32 15 71 29 0   14 56 0   23 57 0                
  25 30 00   83 0   45 43 0   72 18 0                

1st Set   8 30 0 6..12.53   71 27 40   15 14 20   24 6 0   15 22 39   23 43 0 66 7 45

    8 33 50     71 30 0   14 43 0   23 38 0          
    35 39   71 31 0   14 25 0   23 42 0          
         37 46   71 30 30   14 10 0   23 32 0          
    107 15     91 30     78 0     112 0          

2nd Set 8 35 45       71 30 30   14 26 0   23 37 20   14 34 0   23 14 66 19 45

  8 39 10       71 31 30   13 56 0   23 26 0          
    41 20       71 32 0   13 40 0   23 20            
    43 49       71 33 0   13 18 0   23 6            
    124 19         95 30     114 0     52            

3rd Set   41 26       71 32 10   13 38 0   23 17 20   13 46 0   22 55 66 0 45

N.B. The mean of the three sets is 66°..9'..25". And the mean of Mr Greens Computations from the same Observations was 66°.14' .0" and the mean of his computations and mine will be 66°.. 11'..32"; and therefore the Longitude of Cape St Diego or the NW entrance of Strat Le Maire will be 66°.. 0'..0" West from Greenwich and its Latd is 54°.. 39' South- Note, the distance of the Sun and Moon were taken by Mr Green alone, my Quadrant being out of order —

First part Strong gales and very heavy Squalles with Hails and rain — the remainder more moderate, but unsettled sometimes a fresh breeze ^and Squally and some times little wind; Kept Plying in the Straits untill 1/2 past 4 PM at which time the Tide had made Strong againest us and the wind not abating bore away intending to have hauled under Cape St Diego, but was prevented by the force of the tide which carried us past that Cape with surprising rapidity — at at the same time caused a very great sea. at 6 the Weather being clear took Nine ^or three sets of observations of the Sun and Moon in order to find the Longitude of the place.    and as they perhaps are the first observations of this kind that were ever made so near to the extremity of South America I have inserted them below just as they were taken that every boddy may judge for themselves, Cape St Diego bore at this time SBE distant about 4 Leagues — at 1/2 past 7 Tacked and stood to the SE Cape St Diego bearing SBE Distce 5 Leagues — At 1 AM Squally, wore Ship Staten land extending from from North to East. at 4 Moderate Weather, loose'd a reef out of each topsail, the Cape of Good Success WBS and Cape St Diego NNW being now in the Strait, but the tide turning against us, soon carried us out    The Violence of the Tide of Ebb rais'd such a Sea off Cape St Diego that it looked as if it was breaking Voilently on a lidge of rocks and would be taken for such by any who knew not the true cause; when the Ship was in this torrent she frequently Pitched her bowsprit in the Water —  by noon we got under the land between Cape St Diego and Cape St Vincent where I thought to have Anchor'd, but found the bottom every where hard and rocky   the depth of water from 30 to 12 fathom —  Set the Master to examine a small Cove which appeared to our View a little to the Eastward of Cape St Vincent



People in South Seas Companion: Green, Charles

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