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Rolim de Moura Tavare, Dom Antonio (1709 - 1782)

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When Cook arrived at Rio de Janeiro, the Viceroy of Brazil was Dom Antônio Rolim de Moura Tavares, Count of Azambuja.

Career Highlights
‘Count Rolim’, as Cook brusquely referred to him in his journal of the Endeavour voyage, was appointed viceroy 1766, only to be replaced due to age and ill health in April 1769.

Dom Antônio Rolim de Moura Tavares began his career a captain in the Portuguese royal infantry. After serving in the entourage of Queen Mariana, he was appointed in September 1749 to the governorship of Mato Grosso, a region west of the Guaporé River where gold had been discovered in the early 1730s.

In March 1752 he established the administrative capital of Mato Grosso, named Vila Bela da Santissima Trindade, on the site of a small mining settlement named Pouso Alegre.

In 1762-3 troops under his command successfully defended the remote region when war between Spain and Portugal led to Spanish troops from Santa Cruz de La Sierra in Bolivia attempting to drive Portuguese settlers east of the Guapoé. His reward was the captain-general of Bahia, the title of Count of Azambuja and, in 1766, the office of viceroy.

Related Entries for Rolim de Moura Tavare, Dom Antonio
Places: Rio de Janeiro
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Structure based on ISAAR(CPF) - click here for an explanation of the fields. Prepared by: Turnbull, P.
Created: 15 October 2001
Modified: 14 July 2003

Published by South Seas, 1 February 2004
Comments, questions, corrections and additions: Paul.Turnbull@jcu.edu.au
Prepared by: Paul Turnbull
Updated: 28 June 2004
To cite this page use: http://nla.gov.au/nla.cs-ss-biogs-P000079

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